Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by a viral infection. There are 5 main hepatitis viruses: A, B, C, D, and E. Hepatitis is one of the most serious and widespread infectious conditions on the planet, and is a global problem due to the burden of disease and death, with the ability to cause outbreaks and lead to the epidemic spread of the disease. Hepatitis B and C cause chronic courses in hundreds of millions of people and are the main cause of cirrhosis and liver cancer.
In the Chernihiv region, acute viral hepatitis A, B, and C and cases of chronic hepatitis B, and C are diagnosed and officially registered. In 2018, 33 people were infected with viral hepatitis A, and in the first half of 2019 - 7 people were.
In 2018, 19 cases of chronic hepatitis B, and 77 cases of chronic hepatitis C were registered; in the first half of 2019 - 11 cases of chronic hepatitis B, and 24 cases of chronic hepatitis C.
Hepatitis B and C are transmitted parenterally, that is, as a result of contact with infected blood: during transfusion of infected blood, from one family member to another, from mother to child during childbirth, and during sexual intercourse. The fact that hepatitis is a global public health problem is eloquently evidenced by the following sad facts: about 1 million annual deaths are caused by viral hepatitis, and every third person in the world (i.e. about two billion) is infected with hepatitis B virus, and every twelfth person lives with chronic hepatitis B or C infection. Most infected people are unaware of their disease, at which stage in life they can develop severe or fatal disease and can transmit the infection to others.
Hepatitis B is a viral infection that affects the liver and can cause both acute and chronic illnesses. The best and most effective way to prevent infection with the hepatitis B virus is vaccination.
According to the National Vaccination Schedule, the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine should be given to a child during the first day of life, the second - at 2 months, and the third - at 6 months.
It is necessary to vaccinate children to protect them in the future and reduce the sad statistics on hepatitis in Ukraine.
The Hepatitis C virus is mainly transmitted through contact with infected blood. The most common ways of transmission:
It is also possible to transmit the infection during unprotected sexual contact, but this is rare. In addition, the hepatitis C virus can be transmitted from mother to child.
There is no vaccine against hepatitis C.
A proper understanding of the problem and vigilance is a guarantee of protection not only of your health but also of the health and safety of your loved ones.
If you suspect you have hepatitis or you have had contact with the blood or other biological fluids of another person, consult a doctor. Your doctor will prescribe the necessary tests and, if necessary, refer you to the appropriate specialist (infectious disease doctor or gastroenterologist).
In no case do not engage in self-diagnosis and self-treatment based on information from the Internet! Only a medical specialist can correctly determine the diagnosis, the degree of liver damage, and the severity of the course, and then prescribe adequate treatment.
Laboratory tests for the presence of viral hepatitis B and C can be carried out in the laboratory of the State Institution "TMO of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine in Chernihiv region" or in certified laboratories in Chernihiv.
Take care of yourself and be healthy!
The head of the CPM - doctor